Text, photography and editing Theo Baart
Size 240*265mm, 144 pages
Design Typography & Other Serious Matters
Publisher Ideas On Paper / NAi Publishers, Amsterdam 2003
Dutch edition ISBN 90-5662-319-2 (out of print)
English edition ISBN 90-5662-320-6
In the 1960s and '70s a district rose to the southeast of Amsterdam (Bijlmermeer), with modernist high-rises situated in a park-like landscape. 'A city projected onto the happiness of the people who live there,' said the alderman responsible on the eve of striking the fits pylon for the utopian city in December 1966. However, it didn't turn out that way. Manufacturing a society proved somewhat bumpy; it was not the educated working class that moved to the Bijlmermeer, but rather people from Surinam, Ghana and the Antilles. The Bijlmermeer became known as an area with big management problems.
In 1990 came the first proposals for a renewal of the Bijlmermeer. The elevated avenues were lowered and the large parking garages demolished. This knocked away the whole foundation of the Bijlmermeer - the primacy of the pedestrian vanished and the car drove onto the surface level - the bankruptcy of the planning machine was made painfully visible. More than half the high-rises were torn down and replaced by low-rise buildings.
In 2003, renewal could be seen all over the place. The Bijlmermeer became a success with its own population. Nowhere in the Netherlands do you see so many non-native residents in owner-occupied apartments as in the Bijlmermeer.
We – two boys of five and seven years old, mother and father and two cats - exchanged Amsterdam South for Amsterdam Southeast (the new name for the Bijlmermeer) in 1996. In Territorium I looked at the renewal operation as a resident. I photographed and interviewed my neighbours on the Bijlmerdreef; I tracked my children in this multicultural environment and sketched the identity of the place.
Territorium has been published with financial assistance from the Netherlands Architecture Fund, the Netherlands Foundation for Visual Arts, Design and Architecture, the VSB Fund, the Prins Bernhard Cultuur Fund.